These are all administered by the PRS (Performing Rights Society) in the UK from annual lump sum fees charged to broadcaster and music venues. These fees might range from £100 - £150 per year for a typical pub, to £400 for a small music club to £23 million for the BBC.
A club/disco pays £50 per 1000 people a year.
Live music events (concerts and variety shows) would be licensed by PRS on the basis of a percentage of gross box office. Music shows often pay 4% of box office .
These royalties are paid directly to the PRS on all box office takings by the promoter.
Example of PRS airplay royalties for a 3 minute song
Radio 1,2,3,4 and 5 - £39.46
Capital Radio London GLR - £6.05
GMR (Greater Manchester Radio) - £1.42
BBC TV Network - £226.71
ITV Network - £309.54